Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) is what we usually call quail. Wild populations are mainly distributed in East Asia and Russia. Japanese quails are migratory birds. In China, they breed in northeast and north China and winter in the south.
Japanese quail from Japan?
Although the distribution of Japanese quail is not limited to Japan, it is still related to Japan: the quail we eat today is first domesticated in Japan. Wild Japanese quails were first recorded in Japan in the 8th century, and larger domestication began in the 12th century.
The quail genus (Coturnix) is relatively small in various chickens of the Galliformes order. The body length of Japanese quail is only about 20cm (males are slightly smaller than females). The male and female backs are chestnut brown with light vertical and dark horizontal stripes, and the abdomen is also light colored. The main difference is that the male's breeding feathers are reddish brown from the face to the throat. It is light brown to off-white.
There are many quail birds that look like Japanese quails, such as the brown quail (Coturnix ypsilophora) native to Australia and the blue-breasted quail (Coturnix chinensis) spreading throughout Southeast Asia.
Speaking of quail, I have to mention my favorite quail-Callipepla californica. Although not a quail, the pearl-necked quail is as petite as a quail (25 cm). The “揪 儿” on top of it is so special that I can't forget it when I first saw it in the photo. The origin of this chick, which is not to be mistaken for, is western America, and it was introduced to New Zealand as a hunting species in the 19th century. There are still many populations on the island of New Zealand, but they are mainly distributed inland, and I have not been able to see them by the sea.
When my husband and I first learned about this bird, I imagined that they should be as big as a mandrill (Arborophila) (30-40cm). Wait until we visit the museum of the Faculty of Zoology, Uppsala University When I saw that the specimen was only so small, I was taken aback. Although the body length does not seem to be much different, the body length is the length that straightens the bird from the tip of the beak to the tip of the tail feathers; Especially thin and small.
Small quail, squirrel chicken
Wild Japanese quails are very good at hiding themselves in the grass. Its feather color is very close to the soil piled with hay. When it feels in danger, it only needs to lower its body and lean on the ground as much as possible, and it will be difficult to find. Therefore, although I have seen Japanese quail many times in the wild, most of the time, I walked and suddenly flew a small ball at my feet, and went far away, and I recognized it as a quail. As a chicken, Japanese quail can't fly as far as it can be solved by running. Of course, it really can fly for a considerable distance, enough to hide in the grass invisible to "enemy" in the distance, and then run away.
The mating system of Japanese quail is one male and one male and one male and multiple male coexist. The bird father occasionally helps the mother bird hatch eggs, but after the bird breaks the shell, the task of caring for the baby will all fall on the mother bird. The quail's fledglings are black and brown, and three black vertical lines can be clearly seen from the back. They look like chipmunk, and they are very cute. Sometimes there is a box of boxes of "squirrel chickens" on the market. They are quail fledglings. Looking cute, it is extremely difficult to feed. I did n’t learn birds when I was young, and I bought a “squirrel chicken” because of curiosity, which left a big psychological shadow.
Of course, quails can still be kept as pets. We once had a quail with a very bright coat, and we liked to lie on the pots, thinking we couldn't see it.
In addition to the wild-colored and domesticated quail, the quail after breeding and domestication is also very beautiful. I think it is very suitable for pets.
Large-scale commercial Japanese quails are mainly divided into eggs and meat. Quails are small, grow fast, have early sexual maturity (you can mate at 5 to 6 weeks of age), have a lot of eggs, and have low breeding thresholds. They are very suitable for commercialization. Quails can lay up to 300 eggs per year. The meat quail can weigh two to three times as much as the egg quail.
Both fried and roasted quails can be made from whole quails or they can be taken apart. Once prepared, you can sprinkle with various spices and eat, the simplest is to dip pepper noodles and salt directly. Stew with quail is also a good choice.
Spots of quail eggs can be wiped off
Quail eggs are usually covered with irregular tan, black or purple patches and spots, and some quail eggs have few or no spots. These spots can be wiped away, not fake quail eggs. Not only that, the female quail "knows" the surface pattern of the eggs it lays, and can choose a concealed spawning place with a corresponding color according to the spot color.
The quail eggs are cooked for 2 minutes, and the egg whites are not completely solidified. The yolks are not completely solidified, and they are fully cooked when cooked for 4 minutes. It is small and easy to cook, and there are many ways to cook it. Steamed, boiled, fried, grilled, braised, these are all made with whole quail eggs. It is easy to taste when I am young. I personally think that taste is better than eggs.