[ Quail egg shredder ] Quail condition introduction
Newcastle disease in quail mostly occurs in the late stage of chicken Newcastle disease epidemic. The virus invades the body and causes sepsis. The mortality rate is high. The disease can occur all year round, but it occurs frequently in spring and autumn. The saliva and feces of sick birds contain a large number of viruses, which infect healthy birds through feed, drinking water and utensils. Sick birds can also spread the virus through the air when they cough or sneeze. At the beginning of the disease, neurological symptoms generally appear, with the head backward or sideways, fluid flowing from the mouth, loss of appetite, pulling green and white pupa, soft shell eggs and white shell eggs, and usually die within 2-3 days. Acute cases develop difficulty breathing, neurological disorders, and soon die. For young quails aged 40-70 days, the incidence is higher, and the incidence is lower than 7 months. Mortality was 50% at the time of onset before laying, and decreased to 10% at the time of onset after laying, but the course was longer and egg production was significantly reduced. Post-mortem symptoms are mainly hemorrhagic lesions of the glandular stomach, intestine, and ovary, especially needle-like bleeding points or bleeding spots on the mucosa at the junction of the esophagus and glandular stomach. There is no specific cure for this disease, and prevention should be the primary focus. A Newcastle disease vaccine is the most effective way to prevent this disease. Newcastle disease Ⅱ vaccine can be used, drinking water immunization, 3 consecutive times. For the first time at 4 days of age, diluted with 1 ml of a series II attenuated vaccine plus 1000 ml of cold water for drinking, and 15,000 ml of water for every 1,000 chicks. The second time at the age of 20, drink about 2000 ml. The third time at 50 days of age, drink about 5000 ml. The night before the immunization of drinking water, the water supply was stopped, causing quail to have thirst, and the water with vaccine was put in the next morning so that all quails could drink water and finished drinking within 2 hours.
Marek's disease is also a viral disease that often occurs in quail. The sick quail is manifested as debilitating, paralyzed, anemia, sagging wings, and draining green dung. The visceral type is common in slicing swords, and it manifests as single or multiple tumors in the heart, lungs, glands, stomach, liver, kidneys, testes and ovaries. There is no specific drug treatment for this disease, and prevention is the main. Subcutaneous injection of Marek vaccine in newborn quails has a better effect.
Lime foot disease
The pathogen of this disease is mutant knee mites, which are mostly parasitic on tibia and toes of quails. Inflamed tibia and toes are inflamed with inflammatory exudates, forming off-white or yellow crusts. In severe cases, it can cause swelling of the joints, deformation of the phalanges, difficulty in walking, hindered growth, and decreased egg production. During treatment, the affected area can be rubbed with 20% sulfur ointment twice a day for 3-5 days. You can also use warm water to wash away the tiredness on the tibia and toes, and then soak with a 0.1% trichlorfon solution for 4-5 minutes.
Quail diplococcosis is an infectious disease caused by diplococcus that is characterized by diarrhea and tilted head. Clinical symptoms: depression, loss of appetite or extinction, lethargy with closed eyes, difficulty breathing, fluffy feathers. Most sick quails tilted to one side, kept falling down, raised artificially, tilted their heads and fell to the ground, and some fell to the ground to eat. Severe diarrhea, with black sticky or white loose stools. Some joints are swollen, and the abdomen is swollen and purple. Laying small or soft eggs, white eggs, brown eggs, the egg production rate decreased significantly. The course of disease is 7-21 days.
The skin on the body surface is red, and there are serous, hemorrhagic or serous fibrous exudates in the abdominal cavity. The wall of the small intestine is thickened, the intestine is thickened, there are diffuse bleeding spots in the intestinal mucosa, and some ulcers have yellow cheese-like objects with the size of sorghum grains. The red ulcers are seen when the cheese is removed. The liver is enlarged and the capsule has bleeding spots or yellow streaks of varying degrees. The spleen is 1-2 times larger and has bleeding spots. The kidneys are 3-4 times larger and darker. The fallopian tubes are weak.
2 grams of streptomycin was mixed with 24 kg of aqueous solution; 0.05% of P. eutropha in drinking water was used continuously for 7 days. The interval is 5 days, and 7 days with the method can cure. During the medication period, the house and drinking utensils should be cleaned and disinfected frequently to maintain the sanitation of the quail house.
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