Quail egg shell shredder manufacturer | quail house and equipment
The selection of quail sheds should implement the principle of isolation, and choose a place with a high terrain, good drainage, and a place that is far from residential areas, livestock and poultry production sites, and trade markets as breeding grounds. It is best to be 1.5 kilometers to 2 kilometers from the main traffic route. From the aspect of epidemic prevention, the site area is closed with a fence, a door is set as the general entrance and exit, and a disinfection tank is set up. The depth of the medicinal solution is about 1 cm. If conditions permit, a disinfection and dressing room can be built outside the door, with a UV lamp inside.
The quail house building should be relatively airtight. All windows and ventilation holes must be nailed with barbed wire. All openings should be covered with meshes with a diameter of less than 1.5 cm. The floor should be a concrete structure to prevent cats, dogs, rats and other animals from invading, so as to avoid spreading the disease and causing quail. The stress response is conducive to cleaning and disinfection. The quail house should be selected with a water source and a power source. The house has good thermal insulation, lighting and ventilation. The height of the quail house is preferably 2 m to 2.7 m. It should be warm in winter and cool in summer, ventilated and dry.
The functional area is divided according to the needs of each production link. Units or areas that can be isolated and blocked should be provided so that they can be treated urgently in the event of disease and achieve the purpose of isolation. Tree planting and greening in the field can effectively improve the breeding microclimate of the quail house and surrounding areas. Generally, evergreen trees are planted in the north of the quail house, and tall deciduous trees in the south are better.
Introduce quail with good disease control, and do not purchase seedlings from the affected areas. Avoid mixed breeding of quails of different breeds and different sources, and implement a full-in and full-out breeding method to make sure that the quail has the same immune status, the same age, and the same source. According to the size of the quail house, the cage structure, the temperature, the quail breed, the age, the purpose and the breeding method, the breeding density is determined. When caged and well ventilated, the number of feeding per square meter: 120 to 150 at 1 week, 100 to 120 at 2 weeks, 80 to 90 at 3 weeks, and 60 to 70 at 4 weeks Only; adult quail about 60, breeding quail reduced.
Male and female quails are best reared in groups, and they are regularly mated to increase the fertilization rate of the eggs. If it is not convenient to group, you can also mix feeding. The ratio of male and female quails is 1: 3 during polyculture. Except for the breeding quail, the remaining male quails are treated as meat quails.
Quail feed generally consists of bean cake, fish meal, cornmeal, wheat bran, rice bran, alfalfa, cabbage, carrot, bone meal, calcium carbonate, table salt, and so on. Can also add some complex vitamins, antibiotics and trace elements. The feed should be relatively stable. Do not use mildew, spoilage, worms or contaminated feed. Minimize the stress response in daily feeding and management to prevent pollution and infection in production operations. Do the daily observation, health check and disease analysis of quail.
Quails have the characteristics of fast growth and short maturity, and should provide sufficient nutrition according to the nutritional needs of quails at different growth stages. In terms of feed nutrition, the feed protein content of young chicks is about 24%; in order to prevent excessive obesity in quail chicks, the feed protein content should be reduced to about 19%; in order to increase the egg production rate of adult quails, the protein content must be maintained at 20% the above.
To prevent quail infection during hatching, do a good job of collecting, storing, transporting, disinfecting and cleaning and disinfecting hatching eggs, and to prevent pollution control of feed and drinking water. The drinking water of quail must meet national standards.